This historical essay reviews the development of the art and science of grammar and philosophical views toward language among the Ancient Greeks. Although the early Greek writers, including Homer and Hesiod, commented on language (for example, in the Iliad Homer referred to the Miletians and other Ionians as "barbarophonoi," literally, “foreign speaking”), it was not until the fifth century B.C. that the explicit study of language emerged in Ancient Greece when rhetoric arose as a profession.
This critical essay examines the effects of the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579 (1993), and its progeny on the criminal justice system at both the federal and state levels. While Daubert addressed the admissibility of scientific evidence in a civil action, the role of scientific evidence is most crucial in the criminal courts, where the testimony of an ‘expert’ in some or another scientific field frequently is the difference between conviction and acquittal.
The Development of Government and Religion in the State of Israel (Kindle Edition) Few western nations have religion so tied into their national psyche as the State of Israel. Surrounded on all sides by Arab Muslim theocratic monarchies, in the cases of Jordan and Saudi Arabia, or quasi-totalitarian states, in the cases of Egypt, Lebanon,...
Iconography has played a central role in the development of writing systems. That all independently derived ancient scripts began as arrangements of pictograms before evolving into their elaborated forms evinces the fundamental importance of iconography in the evolution of writing.